Friday, February 7, 2020
Ways To Increase Return On Assets - Essay Example Since both sets of figures show similarity in the total expenses at Ã £15,400 each, although Set B fails to present the break down of the expenses, then using the said expenses as criterion could not be deemed to indicate a material difference for purposes of inferring which of the two would or would not show a true and fair value. It is, therefore, the matter of the closing stock that will settle the issue of which set does or does not present a true and fair view since it is in the value of the closing where the two sets of figures materially differ. By taking the difference of Ã £14,000 and Ã £10,000, one will get a difference of Ã £4,000 which represents about 40% and which could be now considered by auditors as material misstatement in the financial statement. As to why it affects materially the financial statements will be seen in the income statement and the balance sheet. The income statement is affected because closing stock or inventory takes the nature of revenues in t he income statement as will be explained later. The balance sheet is also affected because the closing stock is part of the current assets and total assets which are parts the computation of liquidity using current ratio and the profitability using the return on assets. Since it affects the net income, the other ratios where net income is used will also be affected.Ã As to how the material misstatement will affect the profitability ratios may be illustrated as follows: First, the closing stock is important in the computation of gross profit ratio (GPR) which is computed by dividing gross profit by the total sales. It must be noted that the closing stock affects the value of the cost of sales to be deducted from total sales to arrive at the gross profit.
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Economic control Essay Traditionally the reasons of the rules and regulations were to control human relations in an effort to make the behaviors of other individuals known (Pennell, pp3). rules are also employed to provide other purposes, these includes punishing offenders, providing social economic control, banishing private retribution, deterring criminal acts and reflecting public opinions (Pennell, pp3). Conventionally prevention of crime was intended provide advice on defensive behaviors and security. On the other hand laws are supposed to be malleable and should serve as a tool of social engineering (Pennell, pp4). They are supposed to be transformed with arrival of new thoughts and societal changes. The human rights and needs of victims of crime are essential aspects of criminal justice systems, especially currently, as the issues of victims have emerged since 1970s. Since 1970s, legal and emotional reactions of the nation have changed dramatically and currently more attention is being paid on restorative justice. There are many activities that are involved in restorative justice (Pennell, pp6). In order to give an insight of the various forms that restorative justice is taking and the activities that are involved this paper will focus on practices, origin context and limitations of restorative justice (Pennell, pp6). Victims Rights The current legal codes in federal government evolved from the conventional codes and attempts to define and deal with criminal behaviors. The aim of the codes is to focus on the deviant behaviors of the criminals and they rarely focus on the victims and their needs. The primary focus of the law is to deter the criminal activities (Aldana-Pindell, pp45). Several decades ago within the federal government when reconciliation for victim offenders was being set restorative justice did not exist within the criminal justice system (Brown Bunnell, pp87). Restorative justice has evolved currently within the criminal justice system in recent years following philosophical writings of van ness and others. Various debates which have been held have facilitated the emergence of processes within the restorative justice such as impact panels, conferences, sentencing circle etc (Aldana-Pindell, pp45). Since 1970s several practices and programs have assisted to develop the restorative justice moments. Early practices for restorative justice were focusing on the moderated meetings involving the offenders and the victims (Aldana-Pindell, pp46). As time went by the meetings were expanded and included friends and family members from the two parties. The meetings also included professionals and other individuals who had access of public resources. In recent years the system has paid much attention on the participation and involvement of members of the community (Normandeau, pp34). In 1970s some practitioners and scholars believed that offenders are victims of social neglect, poor societies and racial, ethnic and gender discrimination. As a result the advocates of restorative justice focused to change the conditions in the prison, reduce incarceration use and eliminate prison and jails as institutions (Normandeau, pp34). In this regard there are some individuals who were seeking to make a caring society instead of prisons and jails that would address the issues of victimizers and victims (Brown Bunnell, pp92). The activists of caring communities brought the issue of interests of the victims in the criminal justice system in a progressive manner rather than focusing on the right of the victims (Meister, pp54). In 1970s and 1980s the population of people in the prisons in United States was becoming progressively overcrowded and contributed to the use and popularity of intermediary sanctions (Aldana-Pindell, pp47). However, during this time restorative justice and mediation of victim offenders were not common within the criminal justice systems as alternatives. The establishment of boards of societal justice and centers for neighborhood justice in the federal government reflected their wishing to achieve more justice and this was characterized by public participation and casualness (Aldana-Pindell, pp49). These were new forms of resolution of conflicts in the late 1970s and they showed a developing disenchantment which involved trial procedures of adjudication and finding facts in accordance to adherence to strict legal principles. On the other hand the systems in resolution of conflicts placed much importance on negotiation, agreements between the disputants and placed less importance on the role of legal professionals (Aldana-Pindell, pp49). In mid 1970s reconciliation programs in the United States were introduced for victim offenders. These programs were based on the principles of Mennonite that focuses on dialogue and exchange (Marshall, pp20). Reconciliation programs involved offenders and crime victims meetings after being sentenced and included impartial third party. Reconciliation programs for offenders and victims aimed at restoring good relationship that is supposed to exist between the parties. The proponents of these programs were focusing to establish a good working relationship and use of principles of religious institutions and also as an option to incarceration (Marshall, pp21). In the rate 1970s advocates and the victims increasingly focused on mediation rather than reconciliation programs for offenders and victimsÃ¢â¬â¢ interactions. However, the model of the mediation program was similar to models of reconciliation program, although additional individuals affected by the differences would be involved in the meeting, especially when addressing serious crimes (Meister, pp57). Mediation programs for offenders and victims were developed in western part of Europe, Scandinavia and England in the end of 1970s and early 1980s, and were use primarily to handle justice cases for the youths. Since 1980s the programs have shown a significant growth in the United States and other nations (Marshall, pp22). Progressive voices and conservatives suggest that victims of crimes do not have the voice in the criminal justice system. In late 1970s and early 1980s activists of feminists and social scholars of legal doctrines paid more attention on making courts and law enforcement officers to be accountable to children and women who may be physically or sexually abused (Marshall, pp22). The groups that advocated for victims right focused on compensation for crime in the processes of courts, using formal voice and on safety of the society. In early 1980s Reagan organization released a report of task force on victims of crimes that facilitated the development of groups that advocated for the rights of the victims. Since 1990s there is a tremendous growth of alliances between groups that focuses on the reforms of criminal justice and victim support. This tremendous growth has been as a result of realizing the common interests among the offenders and victims based groups (Anwander, pp71). In 1980s New Zealand government started reassessing Waitangi treaty focusing on the implications of the relationship between the whites i. e. Pakeha and indigenous people the Maori. In 1986 a report that was prepared by ministers recommended for structural changes in the practices and policies of the government towards the indigenous people (Marshall, pp24). In 1989 the administration had great structural changes in the way matters regarding family welfare and justice for the youths was handled. Before introduction of these changes indigenous people were overrepresented in prisons and jails and decision making processes were dominated by the whites (Meister, pp58). These structural changes employed in youth justice can be used in various juvenile offenses, but mostly they are used in serious cases and minor cases solved trough diversions of police. Family welfare and youth justice programs are different from offenders and victim reconciliation and mediation programs since they involve more community members in the discussion of the offense, pay more attention on participation of the family and recognize more victimized individuals. Family welfare and youth justice programs also reduce the intervention of the state and changes the roles of professionals in problem solving (Marshall, pp26). Youth justice and family welfare programs were introduced first in Australia in late 1991 and formed part of law enforcement operations that focused on one jurisdiction. Conferences run by the police were also introduced in the capital city of Australia and later on the northern states (Meister, pp59). In late 1993 and early 1994, conferences for handling juvenile cases were introduced in the southern and western part of Australia and they were involving non professional police to run the conference. In Queensland and south wale conferences to handle juvenile cases, have been recently introduced and they are mostly employed in Queensland schools (Meister, pp59). Circles of sentencing were established in Canada in 1980s, and were the fist groups of the nation to respond to offenders (Marshall, pp26). The aim and objectives of circles of sentencing are resolution of conflicts, restoring harmony and order, and healing of offenders, victims and family (Anwander, pp73). Circles of sentencing involves processes of consensus and includes all the victims of crimes and families of the victims, their next of kin, and community members in order to respond to the behavior and formulate sanctions that addresses all the needs of those involved. Circles of sentencing are currently being used in United States and in Canada by non indigenous groups that include blacks in Minnesota. Since 1980s, there are other practices which have emerged and use the principles of restorative justice (Marshall, pp27). Compensation boards in Vermont involve the members of the community and design penalties for offenders of juvenile. These penalties involve service of the community and rarely involve offender and victim mediation. The meetings do not involve the victims (Anwander, pp76). Panels of victim impact have also been introduced by mothers and focuses on drunk driving. The panels give a room for the victims and the members of the family to give their suggestions about the impact of driving when drunkard to the offenders who have been ordered by the court to attend. However, these panels for victims are different from most of the processes of restorative justice, since they do not employ voluntary attendance (Marshall, pp29). On the other hand they have an important element of bringing contact of offenders and victims in the process, which lacks in traditional proceedings of criminal justice. These panels are employed extensively across the United States. On the other hand research and theories have contributed to the development of restorative justice. In 1970s scholars of social and legal doctrines developed several theories focusing on formal and informal justice. Theoretical and empirical studies of formal and indformal justice which have been conducted in industrialized countries and in less developed countries suggest that, it took less one decade to change optimism for pessimism. With emergence of theories and research disillusionment had already set in by 1990s (Marshall, pp30). In late 1970s and early 1980s there were arguments from the criminologists in Netherlands, Norway and from elsewhere to abolish prisons. During this time the activists paid more attention on decarceration and alternatives to jails and prisons. However, currently there are few individuals who would argue for complete abolition of prisons although few people argue for their minimal use (Marshall, pp31). In 1996 there was an international conference to address penal abolition held in New Zealand and supported resolutions and discussions to facilitate restorative justice. Scholars have also attempted to focus on the merits of informal methods that can be applied in social set ups to regulate order in the society (Marshall, pp31). This involves reintegrative shaming in response to a crime that may be integrative and not stigmatizing. These ideas have been employed in conferencing models such as in wagga, in Australia. Before the wagga conference these ideas were not included in youth justice and family welfare programs and they did not form part of many conference held across the globe. The united states are currently employing the wagga model, although there are some arguments on the issue of shame and whether it should be the central issue in processes of conferencing (Marshall, pp32).
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Using Computers for Entertainment In the past, you played board games with friends and family members, viewed fine art in an art gallery, listened to music on your stereo, watched a movie at a theater or on television, and inserted pictures into sleeves of photo albums. Today, you can have a much more fulfilling experience in each of there areas of entertainment. In addition to playing exciting, action-packed, 3-D multiplayer games, you can find hours of entertainment on the computer. For example, you can make a family tree, read a book to magazine online, listen to music on the computer, compose a video, edit pictures, or plan a vacation. These forms of entertainment are available on CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, and also on the Web. On the Web, you can view images of fine art in online museums, galleries, and centers.1 Some artists sell their works online. Others display them for your viewing pleasure. You have several options if you wish to listen to music while working on the computer. Insert your favorite music CD into the CD or DVD drive on your computer and listen while you work. Visit an online radio station to hear music, news, and sporting events (Peyton 25). At some of these sites, you even can watch videos of artists as they sing or play their songs. Instead of driving to the music store or video store to purchase music or movies, you can buy them on the Web. After paying for the music or movie online, you download it to your hard disk. Once on your hard disk, you listen to the music or watch the movie on the computer. Or, you can transfer it to a CD using a CD-RW and play the music on any CD p layer or the movie on a DVD player (Microsoft Word 2002 Project 2). Some people prefer to create their own music or movies. You can compose music and other sound effects using external devices such as an electric piano keyboard or synthesizer. You also can transfer or create movies by connecting a video camera to the computer.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
The Information Systems DepartmentÃ¢â¬â¢s goal is to manage a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s information through safe, secure and resourceful methods that can be accessed easily from anywhere inside the company. The Information Systems Department manages a wide variety of company information; everything from software, computers, storage, e-commerce, online websites, system integration, company networks, IT help, networking, consultation, billing, telecommunications, partnerships, implementation and training. The greatest resource provided by the Information Systems Department is transparency through technology; helping employees use accessible resources to seed the evolution of new technology and future innovation. Two important departments that utilize Information Systems in a major way would be the Human Resources Department and Supply Management. The information systems department works with HR to develop strategies that help them become more efficient at tracking important employee information. Such as Payroll processes, distribution of funding, scheduling, pay, employee info, company ethics, salary information and skill inventories are all tracked through this system. The ISD department develops software and assists with the technical side of this process; helping the Human resources department develops efficient employee management strategies. On the supply management side of things the ISD departments main job is to control inventory and the supply management of the distribution side of the company. The ISD department would assist with such things as supply chain networks, production management, delivery management and quality control tracking. The department would implement strategies aimed towards tracking all of these resources and implementing effective changes to the system that may strategically enhance business production. Privacy and security of customer information would also be stored within databases managed by the ISD through the secure network established for this process. The ISD would also be responsible for transportation operations, scheduling, purchasing and all information management related to supply. The information systems department really deals with nearly all aspects of a company anymore. The processes used and developed through the ISD help a company become more effective by collecting, creating and distributing data through intelligent software. The resources managed differ from department to department, but all use the same core fundamentals. The goal is to deal with challenges in a cost effective manor; which ultimately helps drive the production of a company.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
The presence of God in our lives is needed more than we may acknowledge. It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t take reading the Bible every day or going to church every weekend for us to grow closer to God. Knowing His word and expectations of us, keeping faith in Him, and praising Him is what will bring us closer to Him. The Bible teaches us many things, the way God created man, how the world was created, how we should live, the sacrifices God gave and many more things. The book of Romans teaches us that in creation God has given us His testimony and goodness (1:19-20). The book of Romans discusses many things from the life of a Christian. Paul discussed how we should view the world, our identity, relationships, and culture. Earth was created by God for man to enjoy and for mankind to be in close fellowship. Paul wrote Romans to discuss the deadliness of sin and the need for morality which comes by faith with Christ. In Romans 1:18-20, Ã¢â¬Å"For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness, because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them. For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.Ã¢â¬ God is saying man has no excuse. He has shown Himself through all things h e created. So when man sins and the day comes for judgmentShow MoreRelatedThe Teachings Of The Bible933 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesto uncover to the teaching of the bible, the nature of Jesus Christ, or the purpose of his ministry. . The teachings of Jesus are seen through the bibles not directly but though different parables. In Jesus teachings, He uses parables to teach his people how to live their lives. He does this by comparing life on earth to the kingdom of God. To help people understand, he used examples of people in everyday life to base his stories on, so that the people to whom he was teaching could relate to whatRead MoreThe Teachings Of The Bible933 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageslistening to other perspectives can not only be possible, it may be advantageous to increase oneÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge. Rachel goes on to say, Ã¢â¬Å"I believe in the basic teachings of the Bible with nothing added and nothing taken awayÃ¢â¬ (Abernethy, R. 2001). To have faith in the Bible one must be open to the growth of accumulated assimilations of its contents. The Bible alone holds many religious outlooks, we as Christians can learn from. By being closed off to other religious knowledge we are denying historical dataRead MoreT he Teachings Of The Bible Essay1220 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfollow the Bible. Islam has influences from the Quran. Judaism follows the Torah. Buddhism follows spiritual ideas based on teachings from scholars. There are countless religious figures and religious teachings that people believe in. The Bible has Christians follow the ten commandments. The ten commandments are a set of principles Christians follow in order to be a true worshiper of God. The Quran is the religious text Muslims follow as their source of faith. The Torah is the written teachings from theRead MoreThe Teachings Of The Bible983 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBorn in church, the Bible has become a law book and a testament of salvation for all. Reading the Bible helps me to uncover GodÃ¢â¬â¢s qualities through the human history and ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s life. The reason for the Bible is to have viewpoints about how to receive salvation; however, most will consider their interpretations of the Bible in their own way without cred iting inspiration from God. The Bible written for each person on Earth shows the divine grace and mercy of God towards others. PaulÃ¢â¬â¢s writings areRead MoreThe Teachings Of The Bible894 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespowerful bond so that we can get to know him better . The Bible is the account of God s action in the world , and his purpose with all creation .The Bible contains the message God desired . I believe that the Bible was written as a message to humankind to guide us in the right path to success. I believe the Bible is inspiration . It s inerrant and infallible meaning it s without error and unable to fail. The Holy Bible is the only accurate Bible from the word of God . It determines all the doctrinalRead MoreThe Bible And The Teachings Of Jesus1491 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhat is suggested in the Bible and the teachings of Jesus? Whilst the bible does not specifically mention euthanasia, it does address closely related topics. Euthanasia is essentially killing out of mercy, hence the name Ã¢â¬Ëmercy killingÃ¢â¬â¢. The bible tells us that we are not to murder (Exodus 20:13) and any form of taking a life is seen as killing. It says that we die when God chooses us to, and to murder is an attempt to deny God his right of appointing death. Therefore, Ã¢â¬Ëmercy killingÃ¢â¬â¢ is going againstRead MoreChristian Life And The Teachings Of The Bible1243 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespersonal beliefs. I am a Christian since birth. So all IÃ¢â¬â¢d like to talk about is Christian life and the teachings of the bible. Throughout my whole life, I have learned about spiritual things and what kind of spiritual things are in my ego. The spiritual values that I always have is love, hope, and trust. Love is an element that Christians value and have in their Christian mind and the bible says to love each other. I am doing my be st to understand this word throughout my whole life and it is theRead MoreThe Bible s Teachings On Sex1266 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesexactly one way for Christians to express their sexuality Ã¢â¬â by staying abstinent until they got married to a person of the opposite gender. And then, you could have at it all you wanted. But what I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t taught in Sunday School is that the BibleÃ¢â¬â¢s teachings on sex have been interpreted in many different ways. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know that the early Christians actually started practicing celibacy because they were convinced the end of the world was near. No one told me that marriage wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t always defined and controlledRead MoreEffective Bible Teaching The Authors Discuss The Merits Of A Bible1338 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn the book Effective Bible Teaching the authors discuss the merits of Ã¢â¬Å"topic and themeÃ¢â¬ and how we can use this to help prepare a bible lesson verses an essay. In this section the authors argue the universal principles of good writing, speaking and teaching and what the different handbooks say about composing a good essay. There are several different writing options such as picking a topic and then narrowing it to a specific thesis. Or doing the complete oposite and picking a broad subject and thenRead MoreTeaching The Bibl e : Interview / Book Reflections1899 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesJames Donley Teaching the Bible Interview/Book Reflections After speaking with Tarah, a Director of ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Ministry, I was able to glean a number of insightful critiques of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s ministry. Between the reading from class and our conversation three topics stood out; the watered down childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s gospel, the tendency to always tell children the story without letting them experience it, and the overall structure of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s lessons and childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Bibles. Gretchen Wolff Pritchard wrote
Friday, December 27, 2019
The Gender Wage Gap: An Old Problem in a Modern World The pay gap between men and women has been a pressing issue that is still at the forefront of many political and everyday discussions. Women are currently about half of the U.S. labor force and are increasingly becoming the breadwinners of their families yet some statistics show that they still make about 77% less than men. This number is even lower when it comes to women of color in the workforce (WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Bureau U.S. Department of Labor). Although liberals and conservatives agree that there is a difference between what men and women make, their explanations for why this is the case differ tremendously and their approach to a solution differs greatly as well. The liberal politicians in our country feel that the pay disparity between men and women is due to discrimination and they have a set approach to how this can be resolved as soon as possible. The approach used the most in order to lessen the pay gap has been to put various acts and policies into play. The Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009 was the first bill that President Obama signed into law, this act allowed claimants of pay discrimination to be able to bring their case to court over an extended time period. By making this law, women could sue their employer if a male coworker was being paid more for an equal amount of work, they could now initiate a lawsuit from the period of time they found about the discrimination instead of from when theShow MoreRelatedThe Gender Wage Gap Within Society1050 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescounterparts. The gender wage gap has been a real and prevalent thing in our society. Even in the present, women are inclined to get lower salaries than men throughout the world, and most importantly the United States where the constitution says Ã¢â¬Å"all men are created equal.Ã¢â¬ All salaries are on a weekly basis and percentages are cents a woman earns per dollar a man earns. Although, there is much we can do as indiv iduals to stop discrimination in the work force. The United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ wage gap is caused byRead MoreGender Wage Gap And Gender Inequality855 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages In general, the wage gap has narrowed at a slow, and uneven, pace over last three decades. Recent data shows that women in the American workforce earn 77 cents for every dollar a man earns (Trevino). The existence of this Ã¢â¬Å"gender wage gapÃ¢â¬ has been an issue since women entered the workforce. The ongoing issue of the past has now become an apparent problem in our modern-day, progressive society. Women nowadays have opportunities that were not obtainable in past decades but must overcome, or ignoreRead MoreEarning Differences by Gender1121 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespersist. According to some the pay gap persists because: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Men are more likely to pursue college majors and advanced degrees in fields that lead to higher-paying careers. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Women are getting graduate degrees, but not necessarily in fields that give the best salaries. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Discrimination remains a factor and it is difficult to document and measure. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Women on average are working fewer hours than men, often to care for children or other family members. The wage gap narrowed steadily through the 1980sRead MoreGender Wage Gap Of The American Association Of University Women1236 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Gender Wage Gap Lisda Lara Professor Akpo GOVT 2305-P50 August 4, 2016 Throughout our worldÃ¢â¬â¢s history we have seen many grievous instances where discrimination caused severely negative repercussions on how our society functions. The inequity demonstrated by our nation in the past has estranged its residents based on their religion, the color of their skin, their beliefs, and even their gender. With time, our community has become more accepting which has led to the abolishment ofRead MoreThe Gender Wage Gap Within Society1281 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThroughout history females have never been treated fairly compared to their male counterparts. The gender wage gap has been a real and prevalent thing in our society. Even in the present, women are inclined to get lower salaries than men throughout the world, and most importantly the United States where the constitution says Ã¢â¬Å"all men are created equal.Ã¢â¬ All salaries are on a weekly basis and percentages are cents a woman earns per dollar a man earns. Though many are currently working to fix the situationRead MoreThe Gender Wage Gap And Focus On The Discrimination Against Working Women1350 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesurpose: The purpose is to highlight the gender wage gap and focus on the discrimination against working women Thesis: I intend to assert that women deserve to be paid as much as men for the same job by the same employer. Introduction For the same employer and for the same job in the US, on an average, women get 79 cents for every dollar earned by their male colleagues. This indeed is an alarming figure noting that women haveRead MoreThe Equality Between Women And Men1732 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespercent of what men were paid, a gap of 21 percentÃ¢â¬ . Using the formula, pay gap=(menÃ¢â¬â¢s median earnings-womenÃ¢â¬â¢s median earnings)/menÃ¢â¬â¢s median earnings .In 2014, median annual earnings in the Untied States women and men working full time, year round were $39,621 and $50,383, respectively. 2014 earnings ratio=$39,621/$50,383=79%. 2014 pay gap= (50,383-$39,621)/$50,383=21%. So the earnings differentials between men and women mean that there is a wage gap. The wage gap is a statistical indicator oftenRead MoreEducation And Pay Equality Between Men And Women1105 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFor each problem humanity tries to solve, a new one appears. To add on, humanity now faces two new issues: the fight for e ducational and pay equality. Boys and girls are no longer receiving balanced treatment for education. Parents want the children to have the best education out there and the pay to be equal, but the balance beam that represents equality is tipping side to side instead of staying in place. In America, educational and pay equality between men and women is a serious problem. The payRead MoreGlobal Pay Gap Between Men And Women Essay1478 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAccording to the World Economic Forum, it will take 118 years to close the global pay gap between men and women (WEF). Common recommendations on how to fix this problem, like improved child-care and maternity leave policies, are difficult to implement and costly. However, there are ways to fix other large contributors to the gender wage gap. A frequently overlooked contributor is womenÃ¢â¬â¢s negotiations of their salaries, or lack thereof. Because women tend to negotiate less than men, they on averageRead MoreEssay about Analysis Gender Equality and Gender Discrimination913 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesparticularly bad crisis. But when he finds his father wearing an apron while washing dishes in the kitchen, the son recoils in disgustÃ¢â¬ ¦ The parents of an 18-year-old girl describe their fear that their daughter will be an old maid because she is so terribly bright and independent. They decide tha t the mother will have a Ã¢â¬Å"talk with herÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Changing Gender NormsÃ¢â¬ Eliman-Taggart)Ã¢â¬ An analogous philosophy is introduced in the novel A Game of Thrones by George R. R. Martin. In the series, Arya, daughter of Lord
Thursday, December 19, 2019
B.F. SkinnerÃ¢â¬â¢s theory had a great impact on theorists in modern psychology. His work played a big part in psychology and has been analyzed by people for numerous for years. SkinnerÃ¢â¬â¢s theories have advised and helped humans in many different ways. He was a very educated man and had studied the behavior patterns of many living organisms. His most important work was the study of behaviorism. What really makes Skinner s studies complicated was the fact that we are all different as humans. Human beings are unique in most of their operations and this made his research difficult. This made the analyzers have meticulous observation and deep studies in their actions. This research paper will explore the life, achievements of B.F. Skinner and his theories on human behavior. Primarily focusing on the contributions that Skinner has made in the field of psychology. In addition, it will describe some of the theories that Skinner uncovered. Skinner s early life Burrhus Frederic (B.F) Skinner was born on March 20, 1904, in Pennsylvania in a small town by the name of Susquehanna, (population about 2,500). He was raised in that town until the age of eighteen when he left for college. Skinner s family was considered a middle-class family. He was raised by his parents William and Grace Skinner. She almost died while giving birth to Skinner. His mother, Grace Skinner was a stay home mother. She was well known in her community for her amazing voice and her beauty. His father, WilliamShow MoreRelatedThe Skinner s Theory Of Self Awareness, And Moral Autonomy Of The Individual Essay1604 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesB.F Skinner was one of the most intelligence physiologist and a man who borderline on frightening traits for a physiologist when it came to creating learning theories, due to his cruelty towards his experiments and the way he view society structured. Learning theories can be viewed as mental concepts informing human beings or society, how informa tion is gathered, processed, and how individuals retained it during learning concepts. Skinner created concepts such as conditioned behavior,Ã¢â¬ positive reinforcementRead MoreThe Theory of Operant Conditioning1136 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The Theory of Operant Conditioning PSY390 October 6, 2014 Introduction The study of human behavior by psychologists such as B.F. Skinner, Edward Thorndike, Ivan Pavlov, and Watson is fascinating. These five psychologists each have different theories on human behavior. There are similarities and differences in each of the theories. Ivan PavlovÃ¢â¬â¢s classical conditioning theory, studied animals and formed the basis for behavioral psychology (Cherry, 2013). Edward ThorndikeÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of connectionismRead MoreClassic Behavioristic Principles of Psychology Developed by B.F. Skinner1372 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAccording to Gewirtz and PelÃ ¡ez-Nogueras (1992), Ã¢â¬Å"B. F. Skinner contributed a great deal to advancing an understanding of basic psychological processes and to the applications of science-based interventions to problems of individual and social importance.Ã¢â¬ He contributed to Ã¢â¬Å"human and nonhuman behavior, including human behavioral development, and to various segments of the life span, including human infancyÃ¢â¬ (p. 1411 ). One of Skinners greatest scientific discoveries was Ã¢â¬Å"single reinforcementÃ¢â¬ whichRead MoreCarl Rogers Vs. F. Skinner : Which Perspective Is The Most Important?1419 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Carl Rogers vs B. F. Skinner Ã¢â¬â Which Perspective is the Most Important? A long-debated argument in the field of Psychology has been which theory or explanation of human behavior is the most important and the most viable. Is B. F. SkinnerÃ¢â¬â¢s theory that behavior is the result of manÃ¢â¬â¢s response to external stimuli or is Carl RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ theory that manÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior is the result of his determination to achieve self-actualization the best explanation? After much research and thought, I will argue in favorRead MoreEssay Operant Conditioning1743 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesserved . The bell was repeatedly used as a neutral stimulus. The dogs then grew to associate the sound of the bell with food. This type of response is known as a learnt Ã¢â¬Å"conditionedÃ¢â¬ response. The bell is now a conditioned stimulus. Pavlov created a theory to describe the process. The unconditioned stimulus is the object or the event that provokes a response naturally. The response is known as unconditioned response. A neutral stimulus would be a new stimulu s that does not have a response. When theRead MoreF. Skinner s Operant Conditioning Theory1356 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBurrhus F. Skinner or more commonly known as B. F. Skinner is regarded as one of the most influential psychologists in the world by his peers. In comparison to other behaviorist Skinners approach was referred to as radical behaviorism. Behaviorist search to find answers to how humans behave through observations in the environment not in the mind (Conversation 1973). Specifically, B. F. Skinner was not interested in theories that involve speculation, but more importantly theories that could be provenRead MoreUnderstanding the Psychologist Called Burrhus Frederick Skinner1190 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesValerie Rountree Walden University Management in Human and Social Development - MGMT 8010 June 28, 2014 Understanding Burrhus Frederic Skinner B. F. Skinner was one of the most influential of American psychologists. A radical behaviorist, he developed the theory of operant conditioning, the idea that behavior is determined by its consequences, be they reinforcements or punishments, which make it more or unlikely that the behavior will be repeated again, (NNDB, 2014). His principlesRead MoreSkinner s Theory Of Operant Conditioning Essay860 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Burrhus Frederic (B. F.) Skinner, an American behavioral psychologist who believed the idea that human free will was an illusion and any human action was the result of the consequences of that same action, developed an experiment to verify if superstition was present in pigeons. SkinnerÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs led him to conduct this research experiment which ultimately declared him as one of the top psychologists of his era. Skinner believed that the best way to understand behavior was to look at the causesRead MoreIvan Pavlov, John Watson, And B. F. Skinner1272 Word s Ã |Ã 6 PagesLearning Theories are one of the largest branches of modern psychology, branching mainly from the theory presented by Ivan Pavlov in the early twentieth century. Learning, as defined by the Merriam-Webster dictionary, is described as the modification of a behavioral tendency by experience. In psychology terms, learning is often known as a lasting change in behavior as a result of experience. The psychology behind learning became more and more of a focus in the early 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s as behaviorism (the theoryRead MorePerspectives Paper1467 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesschools of thought that dueling informational ideas have been born. Originally, behaviorism was the leading school of thought being led by John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner. Later new ideas regarding the mind became more prominent. Edward C. Tolman was one of the more prominent figures of this field. Behaviorists looked for more evidence of behavior and rejected any ideas about the mind. An idea that was highly l ooked into by cognitive psychologists. Behaviorists emerged from frustration with psychoanalysts